Although the film’s title card says “Tennessee Williams’ Baby Doll”, and the film is based on Williams’ one-act play 27 Wagons Full of Cotton, in his autobiography director Elia Kazan claimed that Williams was only “half-heartedly” involved in writing the screenplay, of which Kazan himself actually wrote the majority. The film was shot in Benoit, Mississippi in the J. C. Burrus house, built 1858 to 1861, the only antebellum house in Bolivar County. Other locations were Greenville, Mississippi and New York City. According to Kazan, Williams did not stay long while the film was shooting in Benoit, because of the way people looked at him. Some locals were used for minor roles, and one, “Boll Weevil” not only acted but was the production unit’s utility man as well.